Church Education Resource Ministries
Roman Catholicism has many condemning components. I do not have the time nor the space to focus on everything, but will focus on the most important differences between Christian Theology and Catholic Theology. The Doctrine of Justification is a good starting point.
is a divine act
of God, where God himself declares the sinner to be innocent and free
from his or her sins. God declares the sinner righteous and free from
the pit of Hell and eternal separation from God. In Christian
Theology Justification is only through the Lord Jesus Christ and his
sacrifice for the sins of all mankind on the cross at
Scriptures supporting the Doctrine of Justification
Rom 5:9 KJV
Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
In Christian Theology Justification is a gift of grace and not by works as illustrated in the scriptures below.
Rom 3:24 KJV
Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
Tit 3:7 KJV
That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Justification only comes through Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.
Rom 3:28 KJV
Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
Rom 5:1 KJV
Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
If someone receives the Lord Jesus Christ into his heart and accepts Christís sacrifice for his sins then he is justified from his sins. This is quite different from the Roman Catholic Theology of Justification.
Joh 1:12 KJV
But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
1Pe 2:24 KJV
Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
By doing this these are justified in the sight of God. One of the major distinctions between Christian Theology and Catholic Theology is that to the Christian Justification is not by works, but by Grace alone. The passage below is the most popular of the grace passages.
Eph 2:8-9 KJV
For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.
In Christian Theology, the Bible makes it very clear that manís works alone are nothing but dirty, stinky rags before an all-powerful and all mighty God.
Isa 64:6 KJV But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
God is not in the least impressed with the works of man. Even the most clean of unbelievers, is dirty before God. I believe in degrees of punishment in Hell and degrees of reward in Heaven. I believe that the most holy of all unbelievers might get a different Hell than an Adolph Hitler, or a Spiritual Terrorist, but still they go to the same place. The scripture below is one passage of many that speaks of degrees of punishment in Hell.
These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots; raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
Salvation is a free gift and cannot be earned. Mankind cannot work his or her way into salvation and freedom from eternal damnation and separation from God.
Once in a Sunday
school in a
contemporary Evangelical church a pastor once told a story that
helped explain the doctrine of Justification.
Even one of the
Evangelical Churches in the
The Roman Catholic Doctrine of Justification
Below are some quotes from Catholic doctrine.
If any one saith, that thy faith alone the impious is justified; in such wise as to mean, that nothing else is required to co-operate in order to the obtaining the grace of Justification, and that it is not in any way necessary, that he be prepared and disposed by the movement of his own will; let him by anathema" (From the Council of Trent, Canons on Justification, Canon 9).
If any one saith, that man is truly absolved from his sins and justified, because he assuredly believed himself absolved and justified; or, that no one is truly justified but he who believes himself justified; and that, by this faith alone, absolution and justification are effected; let him be anathema" (Canon 14).
Do any of you know what the harsh word anathema means? According to Roman Catholic Theology it means simply, excommunication, or in the Greek it can be translated as accursed and condemned. This language is very harsh, and what I personally use to refer to certain members of unorthodox Christian groups. In the same way in Catholic theology, all Protestants are unorthodox and anathema. So to put it simply, in Roman Catholic Theology the Christian doctrine of Justification is a false doctrine. To the Catholic Theologian Christianity is false. I think that if Catholics could differentiate between the orthodox and unorthodox Christians, they might have a point. But the Catholic Theologian canít tell the difference between Reformed Baptist/Baptistic Fundamentalism, Oneness Pentecostalism, or the ecumenical movement of theological liberalism. I have tried to persuade Catholics that not all Christians are the same, and I have gotten angry with some of them for stereotyping all Protestants as one and the same. I have told some of them that my ministry has no associations with anyone associated with Theological Liberalism, yet they continue to stereo type and put me into the same category as them. I hate stereotypes, yet can't do a thing about them. The Catholic Church does not state anywhere that salvation comes from grace. Based on my research (and personal experience with Catholics) I have heard them quoting a verse in the NT which is below.
James 2:24 KJV
Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.
Catholics believe that works is a part of salvation. I believe they think this because they read James and the entire NT out of CONTEXT. If they were to look at the entire CONTEXT of the book of James, they would see that the contrast in the passage is in reference to Dead Faith vs. Living Faith. Dead faith would be only an acknowledgment as Jesus as Lord, but without real and pure Regeneration and Sanctification, when someone comes to faith in the Lord Jesus and makes Him their savior and Lord of their life, then Regeneration and Sanctification will be present in their lives. Sadly there are dozens and dozens of professing Christians in the church that claim Christ, yet do not live a life that glorifies him.
Not everyone who says to Me, "Lord, Lord" will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. Many will say to Me on that day, "Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?" "And then I will declare to them, "I never knew you; DEPART FROM ME, YOU WHO PRACTICE LAWLESSNESS." "Therefore everyone who hears these words of Mine and acts on them, may be compared to a wise man who built his house on the rock.
As mentioned above in verse 24, Living Faith is a relationship with Jesus Christ (Regeneration) and a turning away from sin (Sanctification).
1 John 1:6 KJV
If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:
One that claims to know Christ, yet walks in the darkness is a liar and the truth is not in him or her. Roman Catholicism denies justification by faith alone, and requires human effort in addition to Godís grace for salvation. Baptism is one of the first work requirements on a list of requirements that a Catholic has to meet in order to be saved. Read the quote below from Catholic Doctrine.
Justification has been merited for us by the passion of Christ. It is granted us through Baptism. It conforms us to the righteousness of God, who justifies us. It has for its goal the glory of God and of Christ, and the gift of eternal life. It is the most excellent work of Godís mercy,"(CCC, par.2020).
Please do not confuse the statement above with Baptismal Regeneration. Baptismal Regeneration is for the most part a Oneness Pentecostal doctrine. Catholics believe in Baptismal Justification, which is entirely different. But Baptismal Justification is not taught in the Holy Scriptures. Where Catholics get this doctrine in the Bible is beyond me. They get this doctrine from their church leaders, and not from the Bible. Also where Catholics get the teaching that they have to confess their sins to a priest (Penance) is also not found in the scriptures. My only guess (without doing further research on the subject) is that they get this doctrine from this verse (which taken out of CONTEXT) can be interpreted incorrectly.
James 5:16 NASB
Therefore, confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another so that you may be healed. The effective prayer of a righteous man can accomplish much.
This like many other Catholic doctrines is a tradition of men, and not of God. Jesus spoke very harshly of those that kept traditions over the Word of God.
Mary Worship in The Catholic Church
Quotes from the Delaguarie's Treatise.
hunger for the
At the Command of Mary, all obey, even God (566).
If I love Mary, I will obtain from God whatever I want (40).
Whoever bears the mark of devotion to Mary, God recognizes as His own (153).
I find it
interesting that some
Catholics claim that they do not worship Mary. But one has to wonder
what the Catholic theologian was saying in the quotes above, if he
truly does not believe in Mary worship. Such theologians and other
leaders in the Catholic Church have set the stage for the church and
have deceived millions of Catholics into Mary worship. All over the
world there are
millions and millions of statues, pictures, art graphics and such
made after Mary. Millions of Catholics regularly pray to Mary for
salvation, pray to her for help, pray to her for peace, pray to her
for divine healing, pray for her to help them find a job, and even
pray to her for blessings on animals. One of the most condemning
Cathedrals made after Mary exists in
For more on the Rosary refer to the website below.
If this is not Mary worship then I do not know what is. Catholics worship Mary above the Lord Jesus. Such sins are not okay by any standard and such sins are extremely serious and very condemning.
Do you not see what they are doing in the cities of
The Lord God HATES the actions of those that worship other Gods before Him, and those that do will be punished. Sadly Roman Catholicism worships Mary over God, and in doing so practice Paganism. Catholics may deny this all they want, but the facts show that they worship Mary. Those that Jeremiah is addressing in the passage above worshiped other gods before God, and in doing so were punished.
Pope Pius XII said the following
Enraptured by the splendor of your heavenly beauty and impelled by the anxieties of the world, we cast ourselves into your arms, O immaculate mother of Jesus and our mother, Mary we adore and praise the peerless richness of the sublime gifts with which God has filled you above every other mere creature from the moment of conception until the day on which your assumption into heaven He crowned you Queen of the Universe. O crystal fountain of faith, bathe our hearts with your heavenly perfume. O conqueress of evil and death, inspire in us a deep horror of sin which makes the soul detestable to God and the slave of hell. O well-beloved of God, hear the ardent cries which rise up from every heart in this year dedicated to you. Then tenderly, O Mary, cover our aching womb, convert the wicked, dry the tears of the afflicted and the oppressed. Comfort the poor and humble. Quench hatred. Sweeten harshness. Safeguard the flower of purity. Protect the holy Church. In your name resounding harmoniously in heaven, may they recognize that all are brothers and that the nations are members of one family. Receive, O sweet mother, our humble supplications and above all, obtain for us on that day, happy with you that we may repeat before your throne that hymn which is sung today around your altars, you are beautiful, O Mary, you are glory, O Mary, you are the joy, you are the honor of our people.
I think that the above quote explains itself very clearly. Roman Catholics refer to Mary as Theoticas which means the God bearer. They believe that Mary gave birth to God himself, not Jesus Christ in the human nature. God cannot be born, since God has always existed and has no beginning and no end, which is best, illustrated in the scriptures below.
Psa 90:2 KJV
Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.
Psa 93:3 KJV
The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.
Mary herself did not consider herself to be worthy of worship (contrary to Catholic Theology) but believed that God was far greater than her as illustrated in the scriptures below.
And Mary said: My soul exalts the Lord, And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior. For He has had regard for the humble state of His bondslave; For behold, from this time on all generations will count me blessed.
If God wanted Mary to be worshiped, then I think the Bible would say so. There was one occurrence in the synoptic that Catholics continually overlook. It was the PERFECT OPPORTUNITY for Jesus to launch Mary worship and the Catholic agenda, but itís interesting to see that Jesus did not take this opportunity to please Catholics.
While Jesus was saying these things, one of the women in the crowd raised her voice and said to Him, Blessed is the womb that bore You and the breasts at which You nursed.
Looks like someone in the crowd wanted to worship Mary. Perhaps this person started the Catholic religion (joke). Look at what Jesus said in response.
But He said, On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the word of God and observe it.
Jesus deterred the
worship of his
mother, and if He were walking the earth today he might storm into
the Catholic headquarters in
Warning to Catholics
The spirit in which I wrote the content below is with gentleness and with respect (1 Pet 3:15). There are dozens and dozens of passages in the Old and New Testaments that condemn the worship of any other god, but Yahweh himself. While I do not have the space or the time to address every one of these verses, I will focus on a number of important scriptures in both testaments, and I warn all Catholics to take heed to what I am about to say, but more importantly itís not what I say that important, itís what the Bible teaches that Catholics should listen to.
Passages from the Old Testament condemning the worship of other gods
Exo 20:3-6 KJV
Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Why do Catholics have so many images of Mary all throughout their churches, hospitals, and other fellowships? Think about it. If Catholics do not worship Mary, then they would not make so many images, but the images spell out their intent in their theology, for God is not the central piece to catholic Theology as he is to Protestant Theology. Even the most contemporary of evangelical churches (which I strongly discourage regenerate believers from attending) have it right in their Theology, while Catholics have a strong misconception of Theology proper.
When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations. (10) There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, (11) Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. (12) For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.
Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save. (21) Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me. (22) Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else. (23) I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. (24) Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.
Why do Catholics worship graven and dead images of a dead woman? Why do Catholics pray unto this dead woman, when she cannot hear them? What chapter and what verse say that Mary should be prayed too? No the issue is not what the Bible says, the issue is more what the church says.
Reminds me of a Jack
church I once visited that required all their members to be baptized
into a church of like faith and practice. I asked one of the pastors
the chapter and the verse that taught that non King James Version
Only churches were ungodly to the point that the millions of people
that they baptized was not good enough for this church. But the
pastor did not answer my questions with the Bible, but rather his
Church constitution, which to him seemed to hold more weight than the
from the New Testament condemning the worship of other gods
Rom 1:23-25 KJV
And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshiped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
sound like a
fulfillment of this passage of scripture. So many Catholics worship
and serve a god (Mary) that is corruptible and is not divine. The
Catholic religion is a lie from the devil, or from man, and
itís a religion that worships the created things rather than
1Ti 4:1 KJV
Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;
1Co 5:11 KJV
But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.
Separation from Catholics is the best approach for the regenerate believer. Another passage that speaks on separation from those that practice lawlessness is below.
2 John 1:7-11 NIV
7Many deceivers, who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, have gone out into the world. Any such person is the deceiver and the antichrist. 8Watch out that you do not lose what you have worked for, but that you may be rewarded fully. 9Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has both the Father and the Son. 10If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not take him into your house or welcome him. 11Anyone who welcomes him shares in his wicked work.
1Co 10:20 KJV
But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.
1Co 10:14 KJV
Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.
The worship of Mary is idolatry. It's worshiping a person that died, and not the divine creator of that person. Paul commands the Corinthians to flee completely from idolatry, as illustrated in the scriptures below.
2Co 6:15-16 KJV
And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? (16) And what agreement hath the
Eph 5:5 KJV
For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the
Rev 4:8 KJV
And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
Worship should be made to God and him only.
Exo 20:5 KJV
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
Questions for Catholics
1. Holy Spirit
In the Catechism it says
"Confirmation perfects Baptismal grace; it is the sacrament which gives the Holy Spirit in order to root us more deeply in the divine filiation, incorporate us MORE FIRMLY into Christ, strengthen our bond with the Church.." (#1316, p. 367)
But the Bible does not teach this. Can you explain? The Bible teaches that all Christians have the Holy Spirit. The Bible does not teach that one has to follow a Catholic doctrine to get the Holy Spirit, nor does the Bible teach that one has to be Baptized in the Holy Spirit (a common Pentecostal doctrine).
In the Catechism it reads.
"For this reason the Eucharist cannot unite us to Christ without at the same time cleansing us from past sins and preserving us from future sins:" (Pg. 390, #1393
"By the same charity that it enkindles in us, the Eucharist preserves us from future mortal sins." (Pg. 390, #1395)
But the Bible does not teach this. Can you explain? The Bible teaches that Jesus cleanses the believer from their sins.
In the Catechism it also reads.
"The Eucharistic sacrifice is also offered for the faithful departed who 'have died in Christ but are not yet wholly purified, so that they may be able to enter into the light and peace of Christ.'" (Pg. 382, # 1371
"In the Eucharist, the Church expresses her efficacious communion with the departed..." (Pg. 469, #1689)
Bible does not teach this. Can you explain? The Bible teaches that
the dead will face judgment, and there is unfortunately no hope for
them. Mormons may also (like Catholics) teach that the dead can be
saved, but the Bible does not teach this. What chapter and what verse
The Catechism reads
"The Lord himself affirms that Baptism is necessary for salvation." (Pg. 352, #1257)
"The Church does not know of any other means other than Baptism that assures entry into eternal beatitude..." (Pg. 352, #1257)
are born anew by Baptism.."(Pg. 341, #1212).
What chapter and what verse in the Bible teach these doctrines? The Bible does not teach that Baptism is required for salvation. What chapter and what verse teach this?
© Church Education Resource Ministries
Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in any format provided that you do not alter the wording in anyway other than to correct minor spelling and grammar errors. For web posting, a link to this document on our website is preferred. And exceptions to the above must be explicitly approved by Church Education Resource Ministries.