Church Education Resource Ministries


2 Tim 4:2-4

Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, and will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths.

Verse 2
Because of the lack of time and space I have, I will only be discussing verse 2 in this message.
The first word used in this verse is the English word preach and this word comes from the Greek word "kerusso" which means;

kerusso; of unc. or.; to be a herald, proclaim:-made proclamation(1), preach(16), preached(10), preacher(1), preaches(2), preaching(11), proclaim(8), proclaimed(6), proclaiming(6).
This Greek word appears 60 times in the NT, but only 16 of these times is used to translate the English word for preach. There is another Greek word that is translated into the English word preach in the NT and its the Greek word "euaggelizo" which means
euaggelizo; from 2095 and 32a; to announce good news:-bring...good news(2), bring good news(1), brought...good news(1), good news(5), good news preached(2), gospel(2), gospel preached(2), preach(4), preach the gospel(11), preach...a gospel (1), preach...the good news(1), preached(11), preached the gospel (4), preaching(8), preaching the good news(1), preaching the gospel(4), preaching...a gospel(1).

Looking at the CONTEXT of each passage that this Greek word appears in, they are mostly in reference to proclaiming the gospel, sort of like a evangelist type of preaching. So its obvious from these two Greek words for preach that one is the type of preaching mostly done by Billy Graham, Woodrow Crow, and other types of evangelists. But in the 2 Tim 4:2 passage the Greek work for preach is a different type of preaching. Its not just a preaching that is done evangelistic style, but a type of preaching as in being able to teach doctrine. Pastor John MacArthur is a perfect example of a pastor who best illustrates "kerusso" type preaching, and Billy Graham best illustrates "euaggelizo" type preaching. The Greek word logos does mean the word of God. This same Greek word is also used in John 1:1 and verse 14. In that context the word logos refers to Jesus Christ, who was both with God in the beginning and is God and member of the Holy Trinity.

The "in season" and "out of season" have caused much confusion in the body of Christ. Some believe that we only need to preach the word when it's ripe, and this means that preaching the word all the time is not necessary. Nothing can be farther from the truth, but sadly there are many pastors and ministers that believe this. They believe it because they are either ignorant, or they have eyes but fail to see, and ears that fail to hear.

But carefully looking at the context of the passage and Paul's intentions when writing this letter, its obvious that he intended for the preaching of Gods word to be done all the time, and without ceasing. A type of preaching or teaching that is expected of us and a perfect example of a type of preaching and teaching that is done in season and out of season is shown by the disciples in Acts 2:42-47.

Acts 2:42-47 NASB
They were continually devoting themselves to the apostles teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.
Everyone kept feeling a sense of awe; and many wonders and signs were taking place through the apostles. And all those who had believed were together and had all things in common; and they began selling their property and possessions and were sharing them with all, as anyone might have need. Day by day continuing with one mind in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they were taking their meals together with gladness and sincerity of heart, praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord was adding to their number day by day those who were being saved.

Next in verse 2 Tim 4:2 it says to "reprove", "rebuke", "exhort" with "great patience and instruction. (Although the NIV says to correct, rebuke, and encourage, with great patience and CAREFUL instruction).
Reprove comes from the Greek word "elegcho" which means

elegcho; a prim. vb.; to expose, convict, reprove :-convict(2), convicted(2), convicts(1), expose(1), exposed (2), rebuke(1), refute(1), reprimanded(1), reprove(4), reproved(1), show...fault(1).

So when we preach the word we must be ready to convict the people of their sin or expose their false doctrine. So many ministers today do not like to expose false doctrine, because it causes division. Well such ministers need to study 2 Tim 4:2 again. I strive to be a preacher and teacher that does convict people of their sin, and does expose false doctrine. I am certainly not a very popular preacher and teacher, and the response I have received from the Usenet crowd is evidence of this. People constantly insult me, attack me, call me names, harass me, slander me, stalk me, and do all kinds of things to prevent me from boldly preaching and teaching the word. People do not want to hear it, because the word is to them an offense just as the scriptures predicted.

1Cor. 1:23 but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles,
1Cor. 1:18 For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.

The word rebuke next in the verse comes from the Greek word "epitimao" which means

epitimao; from 1909 and 5091; to honor, to mete out due measure, hence to censure:-rebuke(6), rebuked(13), rebuking(3), sternly telling(2), sternly told(1), warned(5).
This again can be translated into the exposing of false doctrine or of the people's sin. Yes I am aware that such bold teaching and preaching is not very popular among today's church. It's not popular to expose people's sin, to expose heretics,etc. This is because our churches no longer teach the bible, and so many are ignorant of the word. John MacArthur addresses this big problem in his book "Reckless Faith when the Church, loses its will to discern."

Next we have the word exhort which comes from the Greek word "parakaleo" which means
parakaleo; from 3844 and 2564; to call to or for, to exhort, to encourage:-appeal(4), appealed (1), appealing(2), beg(1), begging (2), beseeching(1), comfort(5), comforted(11), comforts(2), conciliate(1), encourage(6), encouraged(4), encouraging(3), entreat(1), exhort(8), exhortation*(1), exhortations(1), exhorted(2), exhorting(3), exhorts(1), given(1), implore(4), implored(9), imploring(5), invited (2), making an appeal(1), plead(1), pleaded(1), pleading(1), preach(1), requested(1), urge(17), urged(5), urging(1).

I think the definition and context of this are very self-explanatory. Next I wish to jump to the end of the verse where the writer uses the English word instruction translated from the Greek word "didache" which means
didache; from 1321; doctrine, teaching:-instruction(2), teaching (27), teachings(1).
Its very odd how the NASB and NIV use the word "instruction" at the end of this verse, while the KJV, NKJV and HCSB use the word "teaching" or "doctrine." I do know that the KJV is using a different manuscript than modern translations, but I can't explain the HCSB translation. I wish I had access to the manuscripts at Simpson, but since I am far away from the college I cant get easy access to them. Perhaps someone can look at the Textus Receptus manuscripts and the manuscripts used to translate the NIV,NASB and Holmans translation of the bible and could answer my question for me. Yes I know the books are heavy and large, but perhaps someone reading this, has access to a bible scholar library at their school, or perhaps they have one in their house. Well no matter the meaning behind the KJV and modern translations are the same in this verse.

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